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2016年成人高考高起点英语复习:冠词(1)

2015-12-26摘录:广东成考招生信息网关注度:
导读:冠词的种类 1. 不定冠词 a/an的用法 a用于辅音音标开头的单词前(不一定是辅音字母):an用于元音音标开头的单词前(不一定是元音字母) :an old man a friend an American writer a Chinese bookan English book 注意 以字母h,u,e,y开头的单词:an hour/hon

冠词的种类

1. 不定冠词 a/an的用法

a用于辅音音标开头的单词前(不一定是辅音字母):an用于元音音标开头的单词前(不一定是元音字母) :an old man

a friend

an American writer

a Chinese book——an English book

注意 以字母h,u,e,y开头的单词:an hour/honor/honest

a university——an umbrella-a usual/useful book

a European

a young man——a youth

泛指人、事、物的类别 A.English is a useful language.

B.A horse is a useful animal.

C.His telehpone number begins with a " 3".

泛指某人某物

There's a man waiting for you at the gate of our school.

There's a book lying on the floor.

表示every/per的含义

This kind of Santana car can run 150 kilometers an hour.

Some students of Senior Three study 12 hours a day.

用于某些固定词组中

a few; a little; a lot of;

a bit of; a couple of; a great deal of;

many a; all of a sudden; as a matter of fact;

in a word; have a word with sb. have a good time;

do sb. a favor pay a visit to; as a rule

in a day or two; in a way; make a living;

two pills at a time; take a walk/break/bath/seat;

have a cold/fever/headache/stomachache

2.定冠词the的用法

the 在辅音前发/ / 在元音前发/ /

(1)表示特指和第二次提到的人或物:

Here the books you want.

I saw a film last night. The film was wonderful.

(2)表示世界上独一无二的东西:the sun;the earth;the moon

(3)用在序数词、形容词最高级前面:the first-class; the third floor; the longest river

(4)用在江、河、湖、海、山 脉、群 岛、海 峡、海 湾、沙 漠、方 位 前 面:

the Changjiang river; the West Lake ; the Great Canal(大运河);

the Taiwan Strait; on the right/left; in the north/south

(4)与某些形 容 词 连 用表 示 一 类 人,动 词 用 复 数 形 式:

the poor/rich/old/young/sick/old/new/wounded

The young have to learn from the old.(年轻人要向老年人学习。)

The right and the wrong are the opposites.

(6)在乐器的名词前面:She likes to play the piano/violin/guitar.

(7)在某 些 表 示 时 间 的 词 组 中:

in the morning/afternoon/evening/night(but att noon/night);

in the daytime;in the 1870's/1870s

(8)用在姓氏的复数前面:The Smiths are sitting at the breakfast table.

(9)在表示发明物的名词前面:

The gunpowder was invented in China 400 year age.

Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876.

The teacher showed us a telescope and said it was Galileo who invented the telescope.

(10)用在表示国家和民族的形容词前面表示该国的人民:

the English/Chinese/Japanese/French

(11)用在由普通名词构成的专用名词前面:

the United States(联合国); the New York Times(纽约时报);

the People's Liberation Army(中国人民解放军)

(12)用在表示计算单位的名词前面,常含"每","每一"的意义,或相当于"按……计算":

A.These workers are paid by the hour/piece.(计时/件取酬)

B.These eggs are sold by the dozen.(这些鸡蛋是论打卖的。)

但"按重量"应说by weight

C.Meat is sold by the kilo(by weight)。

(13)方位名词前必须加the

in the east of

on the east of

to the east of/east of

在山顶 at the top of hill=on top of hill

Last year he spent hisw holiday on a farm in the country south of Boston.

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