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小学五年级英语基础知识(二)

来源:  投稿:  时间:2012-04-03 点击:

  12. 家庭、亲属和朋友:姓名、年龄、地址、职业、特点与爱好、与你的关系

  family, grandfather(grandpa/granddad), grandmother(grandma/grand mum), father, mother, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, cousin, friend。

  句型:

  ①Who's he? He's my father。

  ②He's a doctor

  ③He likes playing games。

  ④My father helps me。

  ⑤Is he a soldier?

  ⑥What's he?

  13. 学校:学校建筑和学校生活。school, classroom, library, playground, Chinese, maths , English, music, computer, PE, art, science。

  句型:

  ①When do you go to school?

  ②What time do you have English?

  14. 情绪和身体状态:happy, sad, tired, angry, shy, sorry, well, sick。

  句型:

  ①I'm sick。

  ②I'm happy。

  ③We are sorry。

  ④I feel sad。

  15. 社交礼仪:礼貌用语;询问与应答。

  句型:

  问候

  ①Hello./ Hi。

  ②Good morning/afternoon/evening。

  ③How are you?

  ④How do you do?

  ⑤Glad to meet you./ Nice to meet you。

  介绍

  ①My name is…

  ②I'm a pupil。

  ③I'm 12.

  ④This is our teacher, Miss Chen。

  ⑤He is from Japan。

  道别

  ①Goodbye./Bye。

  ②See you。

  ③Good night。

  道谢

  ①Thank you./Thanks。

  ②You're welcome。

  道歉

  ①Sorry。

  ②I'm sorry。

  ③Excuse me。

  请求

  ①Can I have a puppy?

  ②Can I borrow a pencil?

  ③Yes, please。

  ④Of course。

  祝愿

  ①Happy birthday。

  ②Merry Christmas。

  提供帮助

  ①Can I help you?

  ②What can I do for you?

  ③What's the matter?

  寻求帮助和建议

  ①What can I do?

  用餐

  ①Do you want some soup?

  ②Would you like some rice?

  ③I'd like a cold drink。

  购物

  ①Which one do you want?

  ②Can I look at it?

  ③I want a red one, please。

  ④It's too expensive。

  ⑤Have you got enough money?

  ⑥How much is it?

  16. 国家与国庆日:China, Japan, America (the USA), English( the UK), Australia, Russia, Canada, Singapore, India, France。

  句型:

  ①When's your country's National Day?

  ②I come from China。

  17. 天气与气候特征:hot, cold, cool, warm, sun, sunny, rain ,heavy rain, rainy, wind, strong wind, windy, snow , heavy snow, cloud, cloudy。

  句型:

  ①What's the weather like?

  ②It’s a cold day。

  ③Spring is warm and nice。

  ④Tomorrow will be rainy。

  ⑤I like a sunny day。

  18. 节日:节日的特点;节日的活动。New Year's Day, Spring Festival, Children's Day, Mid-autumn Festival, Teachers' Day , National Day, Christmas Day, Dragon Boat Festival。

  19. 正在发生的事情:现在进行的动作和发生的事。

  句型:

  ①Are you making a kite?

  ②Peter is writing。

  ③What's Anne doing?

  ④Where are you going?

  ⑤What are they doing?

  ⑥Is he running?

  20. 日常生活:日常生活、工作、学习的活动。

  句型:

  ①I come to school by bus。

  ②Your homework is good。

  ③What time do you get up?

  ④She always get up early。

  21. 计划与打算:计划和将要进行的动作 be going to do …

  句型:

  ①I'm/You're /He's/She's /We're/They're (not) going to swim。

  ②Are you going to swim?

  ③Is he/she going to visit Anne?

  ④What are you going to do?

  ⑤What is he going to do?

  ⑥When are they going to swim?

  ⑦Tomorrow will be rainy。

  ⑧I'll stay at home。

  22. 能力和可能:能做某事或可能进行某事。

  句型:

  ①Can you read and write in English?

  ②Can I have a puppy?

  ③What can you do?

  ④She can run fast。

  23. 过去发生的事情或过去的打算:过去式。

  句型:

  ①Where were you?

  ②Who was first?

  ③Was it in the wardrobe?

  ④Benny took my ball。

  ⑤Where did you go?

  ⑥What did you do?

  ⑦I came by plane。

  ⑧Anne wanted to skate。

  24. 对事物的比较:比较级和最高级。

  句型:

  ①My singing is louder than yours。

  ②I'm taller than you。

  ③There more shops in Picture One。

  ④Some stories are more interesting than others。

  ⑤The most interesting stories。

  ⑥Who is fatter?

  25. 提醒与告示:

  ①What does that sign mean?

  ②Draw a cat on the roof。

  ③Don't put your feet on the seat。

  ④No speaking。

  ⑤Do not go in。

  26. 擅长和喜欢的事情:

  ①I'm/ You're/ He's good at drawing。

  ②I like playing basketball。

 

 

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